RHYNOCHETIDAE (1 species)

Rhynochetos jubatus Kagu
Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre).


PODARGIDAE (2 species)

Rigidipenna inexpectata Solomons Frogmouth
Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Choiseul, Isabel, Hadden 2004a, Cleere et al 2007).
NOTE: This taxon was formerly considered to be a subspecies of Podargus ocellatus, but recent studies (Cleere et al 2007) show it to belong to a distinct genus.

Podargus papuensis Papuan Frogmouth
?Res Solomon Is (HANZAB, citing Beehler 1986; but not listed by Mayr and Diamond 2001 or Dutson 2011).


EUROSTOPODIDAE (3 species)
Evidence for separation from Caprimulgidae is presented by Christidis and Boles (2008).

Eurostopodus mystacalis White-throated Nightjar
Hypo Solomon Is (Rennell- one unconfirmed report, Dutson 2011).
NOTE: The taxa nigripennis and exul possibly separate species (HANZAB); calls of nigripennis differ markedly from those of nominate mysticalis. Dutson (2011) treated the 3 taxa as separate species, as followed here.

E. nigripennis Solomons Nightjar
Res Solomon Is (?Bougainville, Hadden 2004a, Fauro, Vella Lavella, Ghizo, Vonavona, New Georgia, Vangunu, Nggatokae, Rendova, Tetepare, Kolombangara, Santa Isabel, Rennell).

E. exul New Caledonian Nightjar
Extinct? One spec New Caledonia 1939.
NOTE: If suggestion by Doughty (1999) correct, that this spec may have been vagrant from Aust, it would be E. m. mysticalis. However description of specimen by Mayr (1945) indicates differences from mysticalis, and spec was in egg-laying condition, suggesting non-migrant status (Ekstrom et al 2002).


CAPRIMULGIDAE (5 species)

Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk
C. m. subsp.? Cas Clipperton I, Galapagos Is. Acc Hawaiian Is (French Frigate Shoals Jul-Sep 1986, prob C.m. minor, Pyle and Pyle 2009), Cocos I (Montoya 2012).

C. acutipennis Lesser Nighthawk
C. a. subsp.? Acc Cocos I (Montoya 2012), 300 NM sw of Clipperton Sep 2006 (M. Force).

Caprimulgus indicus Jungle Nightjar
C. i. phalaena Res Palau.

C. jotaka Gray Nightjar
Vis Sep-Apr Palau. Cas s Izu Is, Ogasawara Is, Iwo Is.
NOTE: Recent work by Han et al (2010) indicates specific status for jotaka.

C. macrurus Large-tailed Nightjar
C. m. schlegelii Res Bougainville (HANZAB).


AEGOTHELIDAE (2 species)

Aegotheles savesi New Caledonian Owlet-Nightjar
Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre, ?Loyalty Is, Barre and Dutson 2000).
NOTE: Genetic studies of this and other owlet-nightjars were carried out by Dumbacher et al (2003).
Rediscovered at 18.40 on 5 Nov 1998 at 800m in Riviere Ni Valley in western Massif de Kouakoui in Provence Sud; the only record in 2350 nocturnal field-hours over 6 months. Hawking insects in canopy of riverine forest. Could not be relocated, however. First record since 1880 (Tobias and Ekstrom 2002).

A. novaezealandiae New Zealand Owlet-Nightjar
Extinct. Res formerly NZ (NI, SI; evidence for historic occurrence in SI at least was provided by OSNZ 2010).


APODIDAE (14 species)

Aerodramus spodiopygius White-rumped Swiftlet
NOTE: The separation of echo-locating taxa from Collocalia into Aerodramus was discussed by Christidis and Boles (1994) and followed by Mayr and Diamond (2001) based on DNA studies by Lee et al (1996).
A. s. reichenowi Res Solomon Is incl Buka and Bougainville, but not Rennell and Bellona.
A. s. leucopygius Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is).
A. s. desolatus Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is, incl Duff Is and Reef Is, see Dickinson 2003, Nendo, Tikopia, Dutson 2011).
A. s. epiensis Res Vanuatu (Malo, Espiritu Santo; extirpated Ureparapara, Malakula, Ambrym, Epi, Bregulla 1992, Dickinson 2003).
A. s. ingens Res Vanuatu (Emae, Efate, Erromango, Tanna, Aneityum, Dutson 2011).
A. s. assimilis Res Fiji except Lomaiviti, Wallis and Futuna (Futuna, Alofi, Thibault et al 2015).
A. s. townsendi Res Tonga (except Haapai but incl Niuafoou, Rinke 1986), Niue.
A. s. spodiopygius Res Samoa (Savaii, Upolu, Tutuila, Manua Is).

A. vanikorensis Uniform Swiftlet
A. v. lihirensis Res Solomon Is (Nuguria, Dutson 2011).
A. v. lugubris Res Solomon Is except Tetepare (Dutson 2011) but incl Nissan (Hadden 2004b), Nuguria (Hadden 2004b), Buka, Bougainville (Hadden 2004a).
A. v. vanikorensis Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Nendo, Disappointment, Lomlom, Vanikoro), Vanuatu incl Banks Is. Acc New Caledonia (Barre and Dutson 2000).

A. bartschi Mariana Swiftlet
NOTE: This species and the next sometimes included in A. vanikorensis (Dickinson 2003).
Res Mariana Is (Guam, Saipan, Agiguan, extirpated Tinian and Rota, Reichel and Glass 1991). Int Hawaiian Is (Oahu 50-100 inds, Pyle and Pyle 2009).

A. pelewensis Palau Swiftlet
Res Palau.

A. inquietus Caroline Swiftlet
A. i. rukensis Res Caroline Is (Truk, hypo Yap, Pyle and Engbring 1985).
A. i. ponapensis Res Caroline Is (Pohnpei).
A. i. inquietus Res Caroline Is (Kosrae).

A. orientalis Mayr's Swiftlet
A. o. orientalis Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal).
A. o. subsp? Res Solomon Is (Bougainville).

A. leucophaeus Tahiti Swiftlet
NOTE: This and the next two taxa often treated as conspecific.
Res Society Is (Tahiti, Moorea).

A. sawtelli Atiu Swiftlet
Res Cook Is (Atiu several hundred inds 1973, Holyoak 1980; 150-200 nests 1987-95, McCormmack 2006).

A. ocistus Marquesas Swiftlet
A. o. ocistus Res Marquesas Is (Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou).
A. o. gilliardi Res Marquesas Is (Tahuana, Fatu Hiva, Motane).

Collocalia esculenta Glossy (White-bellied) Swiftlet

NOTE: Dutson (2011) uses hypogrammica for birds on Nissan, assigning spilogaster to those on Lihir and Tabar, New Ireland.
C. e. spilogaster Res Solomon Is (Nissan, Pinipel, Tarburton 2006, Hadden 2004b).
C. e. tametamele Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Shortland Is, Dutson 2011).
C. e. becki Res Solomon Is except Buka, Bougainville, Makira, Rennell, Bellona.
C. e. makirensis Res Solomon Is (Makira, Ugi Is, Three Sisters Is).
C. e. desiderata Res Solomon Is (Rennell, Bellona).
C. e. uropygialis Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Vanikoro, Utupua), Vanuatu incl Banks Is and Torres Is.
C. e. albidior Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is).

Hirundapus caudacutus White-throated Needletail
H. c. caudacutus Cas Oct-Apr Vanuatu, New Caledonia (but Dec 2000 sighting said to be first for New Caledonia, Barre and Bachy 2003), Melanesia (not listed Solomon Is by Mayr and Diamond 2001), Oct-Jan Lord Howe I (6 recs, McAllan et al 2004), Norfolk I, NZ (NI, SI, Snares Is, Miskelly et al 2001). Acc Palau (Apr Peleliu, Klauber; Pratt et al 2010); Mariana Is (Nov Guam, Wiles et al 2000), Fiji (Sep Vatulele, Nov Makogai), NZ (Chatham I Nov, Wilson), Jan-Feb (1-5) Macquarie I (R. Clarke), Campbell I.

Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift
Acc Galapagos Is.

Chaetura sp? Acc Guadalupe I, Revillagigedo Is.

Aeronautes saxatilis White-throated Swift
A. s. saxatilis Extirpated Guadalupe I.

Apus pacificus Fork-tailed Swift
A. p. pacificus Cas, mostly Oct-Nov but Apr Guam, Mariana Is (Wiles et al 2000), Marshall Is (Oct-Nov 1982 Kwajalein, Pyle and Pyle 2009), Hawaiian Is (Sep 1995, Apr 1999 Midway, Pyle and Pyle 2009), NZ (NI, SI). Acc Solomon Is (Dec New Georgia, Gregory; Jan Bougainville, Hadden 2004a), Nov Lord Howe I (McAllan et al 2004), Jan Norfolk I, Dec Macquarie I, Jan Chatham Is (Pitt, Rangatira).



HEMIPROCNIDAE (1 species)

Hemiprocne mystacea Moustached Tree-Swift
H. m. woodfordiana Res Solomon Is (incl Nissan, Buka, Bougainville, Rennell, but not the following: Florida Is, Savo, Mono, Makira incl Ulawa, Ramos and Gower off Ndai).
H. m. carbonaria Res Solomon Is (Makira incl Ulawa, Ramos and Gower off Ndai).


TROCHILIDAE (3 species)

Sephanoides fernandensis Juan Fernandez Firecrown
S. f. fernandez Res Juan Fernandez Is (Mas Atierra).
S. f. leyboldi Res Juan Fernandez Is (Mas Afuera).

S. sephaniodes Green-backed Firecrown

NOTE: "sephaniodes" appears to be original spelling of specific epithet (see Penhallurick).
Res Juan Fernandez Is.

Calypte anna Anna's Hummingbird
Res Guadelupe I.


CUCULIDAE (20 species)

Clamator coromandus Chestnut-winged-Cuckoo
Acc Palau (1967, Pratt and Etpison 2008), Caroline Is (Yap 1996, Pratt et al 2010).

Hierococcyx hyperythrus Northern (Rufous) Hawk-Cuckoo

NOTE: This species sometimes considered a subspecies of H. fugax Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo; the hawk-cuckoos are sometimes included in Cuculus.
Acc Palau (Feb 1950, Pratt and Etpison 2008, Pratt et al 2010).

Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo
C. c. canorus (incl telephonus) Cas Ogasawara Is, Iwo Is, Palau (Pratt and Etpison 2008). Acc Hawaiian Is (Midway May 1997, Scott et al 2001; prob C.c. telephonus, but cannot eliminate optatus, Pyle and Pyle 2009).

C. optatus (= horsfieldii, see HANZAB) Oriental Cuckoo
NOTE: Formerly considered part of C. saturatus Himalayan Cuckoo, which occurs to west of optatus. Measurements of several specimens of presumed C. optatus from Australia yield smaller birds which may be C. saturatus, but this is inconclusive at this point (HANZAB). There appear to be no documented records of C. saturatus in the Pacific Region.
Vis Nov-Jun Palau, Mariana Is (Pratt et al 1987, AOU 1998), Caroline Is (Yap; Pohnpei, Wiles 2005). Cas Ogasawara Is, Iwo Is, Solomon Is (Buka, Nov Nukumanu, Apr Bougainville-Gregory, Oct Choiseul-Diamond, Hadden 2004a, New Georgia, Guadalcanal, Malaita, Ugi, Dutson 2011), Dec-May Lord Howe I (2 recs, McAllan et al 2004), Oct- Feb Norfolk I, NZ (15-20 records Oct-Apr NI, SI, OSNZ 2010), Dec Snares Is.

C. poliocephalus Little Cuckoo
Cas Ogasawara Is, Iwo Is.

C. pallidus Pallid Cuckoo
NOTE: This species may be generically distinct from Cuculus, possibly placed in Cacomantis (Christidis and Boles 2008).
Cas Norfolk I, NZ (6 records NI, SI, OSNZ 2010). Acc Aug-Sep Lord Howe I (McAllan et al 2004), Sep Macquarie I (HANZAB).

Cacomantis variolosus Brush Cuckoo
NOTE: Plumage and calls of addendus differ from those of other subsp (HANZAB).
C. v. addendus Res Solomon Is except Rennell. Acc Nov Lord Howe I (McAllan et al 2004).
C. v. subsp? Acc Palau (Jun 1978, Pratt and Etpison 2008).

C. flabelliformis Fan-tailed Cuckoo
NOTE: Precedence of flabelliformis over pyrrhophanus is discussed by Christidis and Boles (1994). C. f. pyrrhophanus includes meeki, sometimes used for birds occurring in the Solomon Is, although these are doubtfully separable and it is currently thought that these are wintering individuals of nominate C. f. pyrrhophanus of New Caledonia (Mayr and Diamond 2001).
C. f. pyrrhophanus Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is; Barre and Dutson 2000 suggest migratory, most common Sep-Mar). Cas Solomon Is (Apr-Oct Santa Isabel, Guadalcanal, Bellona, Rennell). Acc NZ (4 records Jun-Dec SI, one record Oct NI, OSNZ 2010), Feb and May Lord Howe I (McAllan et al 2004).
C. f. schistaceigularis Res Vanuatu incl Banks Is (Gaua, Valua).
C. f. simus Res Fiji (Viti Levu, Ovalau, Kadavu, Taveuni and nearby islands).

Chalcites lucidus Shining Cuckoo
NOTE: Christidis and Boles (2008) separated Austro-Papuan Chalcites from African Chrysococcyx on genetic grounds.
C. l. lucidus Breeds Norfolk I, NZ (fewest Mar-Sep; NI, SI, Stewart I), Chatham Is. Vis Nov-Jun, most Feb Lord Howe I (McAllan et al 2004), Norfolk I, Kermadec Is, Mar-Sep Solomon Is (Hadden 2004a) incl Nissan and atolls north of Bougainville (Hadden 2004b). Cas Oct-Jan Snares Is (Miskelly et al 2001). Acc Nov Macquarie I (HANZAB), Nov Auckland Is, May Vanuatu (Efate, Bregulla 1992), Jul-Nov New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is, HANZAB, Barre and Dutson 2000), Caroline Is (Kapingamarangi I, Buden 1998).
C. l. plagosus Cas Apr-Nov Solomon Is (HANZAB) incl Nuguria (Tarburton 2006).
C. l. layardi ( incl aeneus) Res Solomon Is (Santa Cruz Is: Utupua), New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is), Vanuatu incl Banks Is (Gaua, Vanua Lava).
C. l. harterti Res Solomon Is (Rennell, Bellona).

NOTE: This subspecies is quite distinctive (Mayr and Diamond 2001).

Eudynamys scolopaceus Asian (Common) Koel
NOTE: David and Gosselin (2002b) established that Eudynamys is masculine. Taxonomy of scolopaceus and cyanocephalus is not settled, although females are fairly distinct; narrow species limits may be advisable based on brood parasitism and the differences between females (Gregory). E. s. alberti is quite distinctive (Mayr and Diamond 2001), and may be more correctly placed with cyanocephalus (=orientalis, see below; Christidis and Boles 2008).
E. s. alberti Res Solomon Is except Rennell.

E. orientalis Australian Koel
NOTE: Christidis and Boles (2008) noted that orientalis has precedence over cyanocephalus .
E. o. subcyanocephalus ?Vis Solomon Is Mar-Nov.
E. o. subsp. Acc Nov Lord Howe I (McAllan et al 2004), NZ (Mar SI, Medway 2000)- listed (Medway 2000) as E. scolopaceus, but orientalis seems more likely if orientalis is considered specifically distinct from scolopaceus.

Urodynamis taitensis Long-tailed Koel (Cuckoo)
NOTE:This species is currently considered distinctive at the generic level (Dickinson 2003, Christidis and Boles 2008).
Breeds Sep-Apr NI, SI, Stewart I. Vis Apr-Oct Caroline Is, Marshall Is (Spennemann and Benjamin 2004), Kiribati, Nauru (Buden 2008), Solomon Is incl Nissan and atolls north of Bougainville (Hadden 2004b; year-old birds do not return to NZ to breed and remain in Solomons, Hadden 2004a), Vanuatu, New Caledonia (Barre and Dutson 2000), Kermadec Is (a few all year, Veitch et al 2004), Fiji, Tuvalu, Wallis and Futuna (Thibault et al 2015), Samoa, Niue, Tonga, Cook Is most Mar-Aug (Holyoak 1980), Society Is mostly Jun-Sep, Marquesas Is, Tuamotu Is, Gambier Is, Pitcairn Is. Cas migrant Lord Howe I (5 recs incl Jan-Feb, McAllan et al 2004), Jan, Mar, and Oct Norfolk I. Acc Mariana Is (Jun Guam, Jul Sarigan, Wiles et al 2000), Palau (Pratt and Etpison 2008), Sep-Mar Chatham Is (Miskelly et al 2006), Snares Is, Auckland Is. Hypo Nov Antipodes Is (Tennyson et al 2002).

Scythrops novaehollandiae Channel-billed Cuckoo
NOTE: Mayr and Diamond (2001) suggest that "the great majority" of birds occurring in the Solomon Is are wintering Australian birds.
S. n. novaehollandiae? Cas Solomon Is (Savo, Simbo, Rennell, Mayr and Diamond 2001, Tetepare, Dutson 2011). Acc Jun New Caledonia (Hindwood 1953, Barre and Bachy 2003), Oct-Nov Norfolk I (McAllan et al 2004), NZ (6 records, 5 Oct-Nov NI, Dec SI, OSNZ 2010).

Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo
Acc Galapagos Is (Espanola 1970, Swash and Still 2005).

C. americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo
C. a. subsp? Acc Hawaiian Is (Laysan Nov 1994, Scott et al 2001; Pyle and Pyle 2009), Clipperton I.

C. ferrugineus Cocos Cuckoo
Res Cocos I (Montoya 2012).

C. melacoryphus Dark-billed Cuckoo
Res Galapagos Is. Acc Aug Clipperton I.

Coccyzus sp.? Acc Revillagigedos Is (sp undetermined, thought to be C. minor Mangrove Cuckoo, Wanless et al 2009).

Centropus milo Buff-headed Coucal
NOTE:The two subspecies are quite distinctive (Mayr and Diamond 2001).
C. m. albidiventris Res Solomon Is (Vella Lavella, Bagga, Ganongga, Simbo, Kolombangara, Ghizo, Kohingga, New Georgia, Vangunu, Nggatokae, Rendova, Tetepare).
C. m. milo Res Solomon Is (Florida Is incl Buena Vista, Guadalcanal).

Crotophaga ani Smooth-billed Ani
Int Galapagos Is (Isabela, Santa Cruz, Santa Maria, San Salvador). Acc Cocos I (Easley and Montoya 2006; Montoya 2012).

C. sulcirostris Groove-billed Ani
Acc Socorro I, Galapagos Is (int? status uncertain, Swash and Still 2005).



GRUIDAE (2 species)

Grus sp. (either G. rubicundus or G. antigone, OSNZ 2010) Brolga or Sarus Crane
Acc NZ (Mar-May NI, Jan SI).

G. canadensis Sandhill Crane
G. c. canadensis Acc Hawaiian Is (Oct 1933 Oahu, Pyle and Pyle 2009).


RALLIDAE (49 species)

Boyd recently revised the order of this family based on recent genetic and morphological studies, erecting new genera based mainly on Garcia-R et al (2014). Boyd is followed here.

Rallus limicola Virginia Rail
R. l. subsp? Acc Clipperton I.

Crex crex Corncrake
Acc NZ (Nelson, spec NZ Nat. Museum, OSNZ 2010).

Lewinia muelleri Auckland Rail
NOTE:Sometimes considered a subspecies of L. pectoralis Lewin's Rail (Taylor 1998). Sometimes placed in genus Dryolimnas.
Res Auckland Is (Adams I 1500 inds, Disappointment I "several hundred" inds).

Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi Hawkins's Rail
NOTE: Evidence that this species may have survived into historic times is given in Cooper and Tennyson (2004); see also OSNZ (2010). Boyd placed this species in Gallirallus.
Extinct. Formerly Res Chatham Is (Chatham, Pitt).

Gallirallus australis Weka
Total population 25,000-100,000 (Taylor 1998).

NOTE: G. a. hectori is included in australis as DNA studies indicate it is a color phase of G. a. australis.
G. a. greyi Res NZ (NI 650 inds, now restricted to East Cape, Forest and Bird, Aug 2000). Int Kapiti I (where pop mixed greyi, scotti, and australis, Miskelly and Powlesland 2013), Mokoia I 100 inds, Rakitu I 135 inds, Kawau I 3700 inds, Pakatoa I 80 inds, Whanganui I 28-40 inds; also Russell Peninsula, Kawakawa Bay, Rotorua I (Miskelly and Powlesland 2013).
G. a. australis Res NZ (n and w SI). Int Kapiti I (where mixed population), Chatham Is (), Totaranui. The form "hectori" formerly e SI, now extirpated; int Chatham Is (Chatham I 38,000-58,000 inds, Pitt I); re-int 2005 SI (14 inds, Christchurch area; islands in L Wakatipu (Pigeon I, Pig I) and L Wanaka (Harwich I)).
G. a. scotti Res NZ (Extirp Stewart I, OSNZ 2010. Int Solander Is, Kapiti I), Macquarie I (extirpated by 1988).

G. lefresnayanus New Caledonian Rail
Extinct? Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre).

G. modestus Chatham Rail
NOTE: This species is sometimes included in Cabalus; recent studies indicate that it is a Gallirallus derivative (Trewick 1997). Features such as sexually dimorphic bill size are suggestive of differentiation at the generic level (OSNZ 2010).
Extinct. Res formerly Chatham Is.

G. dieffenbachii Dieffenbach's Rail
NOTE: That this taxon is a good species is established by Worthy and Holdaway (2002); see also OSNZ (2010).
Extinct. Res formerly Chatham Is.


G. owstoni Guam Rail
Res Mariana Is (Guam, where extirpated ca 1986, but reint 50 inds Anderson Air Force Base 2003; int Rota).

G. rovianae Roviana Rail
NOTE: Distinctive form on Kolombangara appears to be a separate, undescribed, subspecies (Taylor 1998).
Res Solomon Is (Kolombangara; New Georgia Is: New Georgia, Rendova, Kohinggo, Vonavona, Diamond 1991).

G. woodfordi Woodford's Rail
NOTE: This and the next species sometimed assigned to Nesoclopeus. G. w. tertius Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville,Hadden 2004a).
F: Solomon Is (Bougainville: common eastern lowlands, Hadden 2002, 2004).
G. w. immaculatus Res Solomon Is (Santa Isabel).
F: Solomon Is (Santa Isabel: common along Garanga R, Kratter et al 2001).
G. w. woodfordi Res Solomon Is (Guadalcanal, Dutson 2011).
G. w. subsp? Res? Solomon Is (Choiseul: Taylor 1998; New Georgia Is: Blaber 1990; Kolombangara: Hadden 2002; Malaita: Hadden 2002).

G. poecilopterus Bar-winged Rail
NOTE: Sometimes considered conspecific with G. woodfordi as G. w. poecilopterus Barred-winged Rail.
Extinct? Res Fiji (formerly Viti Levu, Ovalau, Taveuni).

G. philippensis Buff-banded Rail
G. p. pelewensis Res Palau.
G. p. christophori Res Solomon Is (Florida, Guadalcanal, Russell Is: Mbanika, Malaita, Makira, Ulawa, Ugi Is, Three Sisters Is, Santa Ana, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz Is: Nendo, Dutson 2001, Mayr and Diamond 2001).
G. p. sethsmithi Res Vanuatu, Fiji except Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, Rotuma, Tuvalu (this subsp? Watling 2001).
G. p. swindellsi Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is).
G. p. goodsoni Res Samoa, Niue (Schodde and de Naurois 1982).
G. p. ecaudatus (=forsteri) Res Tonga (incl Niuafoou, Rinke 1986), Wallis and Futuna (Taylor 1998).
G. p. mellori (incl norfolkensis); Res Lord Howe I; ?Norfolk I, where only one breeding record 1910 mostly thought to be visitors from Australia, Dickinson 2003, Christian 2005). This subsp.? extirp Kermadec Is (Raoul, Veitch et al 2004).
G. p. tounelieri Res New Caledonia Coral Sea Is (Chesterfield Is, Willis Is, Surprise Is, Schodde and de Naurois 1982, Barre and Dutson 2000; considered doubtfully distinct in HANZAB).
G. p. assimilis Res NZ (NI, SI, Stewart I), Auckland Is.
G. p. macquariensis Extinct. Res formerly Macquarie I.

NOTE: Considered a full species by some authors.

G. sylvestris Lord Howe Rail
NOTE: Includes G. conditicius Gilbert Rail, the single specimen probably an immature of this species (Taylor 1998).
Res Lord Howe I 250 inds (2005, Gregory).

G. wakensis Wake Rail
Extinct. Res formerly Wake I.

G. pacificus Tahiti Rail
Extinct. Res formerly Society Is (Tahiti, Mehetia).

G. hypoleucus Tongatapu Rail
NOTE: Medway (2010b) makes the case for survival of this taxon into historic times.
Extinct. Res formerly Tonga (Tongatapu).

Pardirallus maculatus Spotted Rail
P. m. maculatus? Acc Juan Fernandez Is (Remsen and Parker 1990).

Mustelirallus erythrops Paint-billed Crake
NOTE: Boyd merged Cyanolimnas and Neocrex into Mustelirallus.
M. e. erythrops Res Galapagos Is (Santa Cruz, Santa Maria, ?San Cristobal, ?Isabela; acc Tower I).

Pareudiastes pacificus Samoan Moorhen
NOTE: This species and the next are sometimes included in Gallinula, but skeletal characters suggest separation (Taylor 1998).
Extinct? Res Samoa (Savaii: two possible sightings 1 km west of Mt Elietoga Aug 1984 while on traverse from end of Asau forestry road towards Mt Silisili in upland forest, Bellingham and Davis 1988; also On 5 October 2003, Dion Hobcroft was leading a Victor Emanuel Nature Tour group of seven participants on the Samoan island of Savaii. The group were making their way along a narrow forest trail on Mount Sili Sili, accessed via Aopo Village. Just below an altitude of 1,000 metres, a distinctive low deep gulping call, described as "ooh-ooh-ooh", was heard. Less than five feet from the group, two medium-sized all dark, blackish forest rails were flushed. Only Dion Hobcroft and one other member of the group briefly saw the birds as they ran quickly off, Birdlife International).

P. silvestris Makira (San Cristobal) Moorhen
Extinct? Res Solomon Is (Makira).

Tribonyx ventralis Black-tailed Native-Hen
NOTE: Boyd assigned this species to Tribonyx. Cas NZ (NI, SI).

Porzana carolina Sora
Cas Galapagos Is (3 recs, all found dead, Swash and Still 2005: Marchena, Genovesa, San Salvador), Hawaiian Is (3 recs: Sep Hawaii, Feb and Nov Oahu, Pyle and Pyle 2009). Acc Cocos I (Montoya 2012), Clipperton I.

P. fluminea Australian Crake
Acc NZ (specimen NZ Nat Museum, OSNZ 2010).

Gallinula tenebrosa Dusky Moorhen
G. t. ?tenebrosa Res (self-int) New Caledonia (Grande Terre). Acc Solomon Is (Guadalcanal, Dutson 2011), Lord Howe I (2 recs Apr, McAllan et al 2004), NZ ( SI Aug-Oct 1968 and Feb 2005).

G. chloropus Common Moorhen
G. c. indica Vis Ogasawara Is (Chichijima, Hahajima). Acc NZ (this subsp? specimen Canterbury Museum, OSNZ 2010).
G. c. orientalis Res Palau c. 100 inds (Pratt and Etpison 2008) Angaur, Babelthuap, extirp Koror, Peleliu (Pratt and Etpison 2008); Caroline Is (Yap, Wiles et al 2000, Clements 2003; Chuuk).
G. c. guami Res 180-445 inds Mariana Is (Guam 90, Saipan 154, Tinian 41, Rota 2, extirp Pagan, Takano and Haig 2004).

G. galeata Common Gallinule
NOTE: Recent decisions (eg SACC; see Boyd) consider New World birds, including those of Galapagos Is and Hawaiian Is, distinct from those of the Old World. Hawaiian birds may also be distinct at the species level (see Boyd).
G. g. sandvicensis Res Hawaiian Is 750 inds (Kauai, Oahu, reint Molokai failed; extirp Niihau, Molokai, Maui, and Hawaii; one Midway Aug 1988 undetermined subsp; Pyle and Pyle 2009).
G. g. cachinnans Res Galapagos Is, Clipperton I. Acc Cocos I (Montoya 2012).

Fulica atra Common Coot
F. a. australis Res 1655-1955 inds NZ (NI, SI). Cas Nov-Mar Ogasawara Is, Iwo Is, Mariana Is ( Guam, Tinian, Reichel and Glass 1991), Lord Howe I (4 recs, McAllan et al 2004). Acc Caroline Is (Yap Pratt et al 2010), May-Jul Norfolk I, May-Oct Macquarie I.

F. leucoptera White-winged Coot
Acc Juan Fernandez Is (Nov Mas Atierra, Honeyman, http://www.avesdechile.cl/avista2.htm).

F. alai Hawaiian Coot
Res 2000-4000 inds (SE Is except Kahoolawe; cas NW Is where 13 records, all of those confirmed are this subsp, Pyle and Pyle 2009).

F. americana American Coot
F. a. americana Res Clipperton I. Vis Galapagos Is (since 1999, Swash and Still 2005). Cas Revillagigedos Is (incl Clarion, Wanless et al 2009). Acc Cocos I (Montoya 2012). Several reports Oct-Apr Hawaiian Is, but ID unproven (Pyle, post to Hawaiibirding Sep 2006).

Porphyrio martinicus Purple Gallinule
NOTE: Included in Porphyrio by recent authors (AOU 2002).
Cas Feb Galapagos Is. Acc Clipperton I, Cocos I (Montoya 2012).

P. hochstetteri Takahe
NOTE: The case for specific status of this taxon and the next (and survival of the former into historic times) is outlined by Worthy and Holdaway (2002); the taxa are very different and appear to be derived from separate invasions of New Zealand by a proto-Porphyrio (Trewick 1996).
Res NZ (SI 171 inds, Forest and Bird Aug 2005). Int total 114 inds (Forest and Bird Aug 2005) Tiritiri Matangi I, Kapiti I, Mana I, Maud I, Centre I, Maungatautari.

P. mantelli Mohoau

Extinct. Formerly res NZ (NI).

P. melanotus Australasian Swamphen

NOTE: Recent studies (see Trewick 1997 and Taylor 1998) suggest that the taxa listed here comprise a separate species P. melanotus. Although there are significant mensural differences among the various populations (HANZAB; Filardi et al 1999), the taxa listed below (except for pelewensis) are sometimes combined as samoensis.
P. m. pelewensis Res Palau (Babeldaob, Koror, Peleliu, Angaur).
P. m. subsp? Res Solomon Is incl Santa Cruz Is and Duff Is (Dutson 2001); old report Ontong Java (Mayr 1945) prob vagrant as no longer present (Hadden 2004b). One photographed on Yap 2004 not identifiable to subsp., but probably of the melanotus group (Buden et al 2011).
P. m. aneiteumensis Res Vanuatu incl Banks Is.
P. m.caledonicus Res New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is).
P. m. samoensis Res Samoa.
P. m. vitiensis Res Fiji except Vanua Levu and Viti Levu, Rotuma, Wallis and Futuna (Thibault et al 2015), Tonga (incl Niuafoou, Rinke 1986), Niue.
P. m. melanotus Res Norfolk I 40-50 inds, Lord Howe I 50 inds (McAllan et al 2004), Kermadec Is (Raoul <50 prs, Veitch et al 2004), NZ pop 600,000 inds, HANZAB (NI, SI, Stewart I). Cas Campbell I.
P. m. chathamensis (doubtfully separable from melanotus, HANZAB) Res Chatham Is (Chatham I, Pitt I).
P. m. subsp. A report of two (now lost) specimens of Porphyrio sp. from Society Is (Raiatea), is the only report from that island group (Holyoak and Thibault 1984).

P. albus Lord Howe (White) Swamphen
Extinct. Formerly res Lord Howe I.

Poliolimnas cinerea White-browed Crake
NOTE: Some authors place in genus Porzana. Subspecies are not well-defined (Taylor 1998).
P. c. brevipes Extinct; formery res Iwo Is (Minamiiwojima, Iwojima, Taylor 1998).
P. c. micronesiae Res Palau (Babeldaob, Koror, Peleliu, Angaur), Caroline Is (Yap, Truk, Pohnpei), Mariana Is (Guam only, where now extirp). Acc Marshall Is (Bikini, Amerson 1969).
P. c. leucophrys Res Solomon Is (Buka, Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Makira, Three Sisters Is, Mayr and Diamond 2001, Dutson 2001; Nendo, Dutson 2011).
P. c. tannensis Res Vanuatu (Gaua, Erromango, Dutson 2011), New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Lifou, Dutson 2011), Fiji (Gau, Ovalau, Viti Levu), Samoa (Savaii, Upolu, ?Manua Is, ?Tutuila, Watling 2001).

Gallicrex cinerea Watercock
Vis mostly Sep-mid Jan Iwo Is (Taylor 1998). Acc Caroline Is (Kosrae May 2010, Buden and McKinley 2010). Hypo Palau (?Pratt et al 1987).

Amaurornis phoenicurus White-breasted Water-Hen
A. p. phoenicurus Res Ogasawara Is (Hahajima, Buden and Retogral 2010), Caroline Is (Yap, since 1970s Woleai Atoll, Earipik, Ifaluk, Faraulep, Buden and Retogral 2010). Acc Palau (Oct-Nov 2009, Buden and Retogral 2010).

A. olivacea Plain Bush-Hen
A. o. subsp? Acc Palau (May Pulo Anna).

A. moluccana Rufous-tailed Bush-Hen

Sometimes considered conspecific with A. olivacea (Taylor 1998; Mayr and Diamond 2001). That Amaurornis is feminine is discussed by David and Gosselin (2002a); phoenicurus, however, is invariable.
A. m. nigrifrons Solomon Is (res central islands except where ultima occurs, incl Bougainville, Buka (Dutson 2011).
A. m. ultima Res Solomon Is (Makira, Malaita, Ugi Is, Santa Ana, Santa Catalina, Gower I off Ndai I, Mayr and Diamond 2001; Dutson 2011).
A. m. subsp.? Res Choiseul, Guadalcanal, New Georgia Is, Santa Isabel, Kratter et al 2001; Dutson 2011).

Rallina eurizonoides Slaty-legged Crake
R. e. eurizonoides Res Palau (all islands Babeldaob to Angaur, Engbring 1988).

R. fasciata Red-legged Crake
Acc Palau (Engbring 1988, Taylor 1998, Baker 1951).

Limnobaenus fuscus Ruddy-breasted Crake
NOTE: This species was re-assigned from Porzana to Limnobaenus by Boyd.
P. f. erythrothorax Vis May-Oct Iwo Is (Taylor 1998).

Zapornia pusilla Baillon's (Marsh) Crake
NOTE: This and the next 5 species formerly included in Porzana were assigned to Zapornia by Boyd.
Z. p. pusilla Res Iwo Is (Kitaiwojima, Taylor 1998).
Z. p. affinis Res NZ (NI, Little Barrier I, SI, Stewart I), Chatham Is (vagrant? record 1997 first since 1872, Miskelly et al 2006). Acc New Caledonia (Grande Terre; old specimens, breeding pair, confirmed as this subspecies, Barre and Dutson 2000).
Z. p. palustris Cas Lord Howe I (this subsp 4 recs, McAllan et al 2004, but see under Z. p. affinis for vagrancy to New Caledonia). Acc Feb Macquarie I (this subsp, HANZAB).

Z. palmeri Laysan Rail
Extinct. Res Hawaiian Is (Formerly Laysan I. Int Midway Is: Eastern, Sand, but now extirpated, Pyle and Pyle 2009.)

Z. sandwichensis Hawaiian Rail
Extinct. Res formerly Hawaiian Is (Hawaii, ?Molokai, Pyle and Pyle 2009).

Z. atra Henderson (Red-eyed) Crake
Res Pitcairn Is (Henderson I 6200 inds).

Z. tabuensis Spotless Crake
Z. t. tabuensis Res Caroline Is (Kosrae), Solomon Is (Guadalcanal, Makira, Rennell, Mayr and Diamond 2001, Dutson 2001; possible throughout? Doughty 1999), Santa Cruz Is, Vanuatu, New Caledonia (Grande Terre, Loyalty Is), Fiji (Viti Levu, Taveuni, Ovalau, Onoilau, Gau, Kadavu), Samoa (Savaii, Tau, Adler et al 2010), Wallis and Futuna (first record Sep 2014, Thibault et al 2015), Tonga (incl Niuafoou, Rinke 1986), Niue (not seen since 1969, Powlesland et al 2000), Cook Is (Mangaia, Mitiaro, Atiu), Tuamotu Arch, Society Is (Tahiti, Moorea, Raiatea), Marquesas Is, Tubuai Is (Tubuai, Rapa), Pitcairn Is (Oeno I, ?Ducie I).
Z. t. plumbea May not be separable from tabuensis, Onley 1982, OSNZ 2010. Res Kermadec Is (Meyer 40 inds, extirp Raoul, Veitch et al 2004), ?Norfolk I 2 recs since breeding rec 1908 (Christian 2005), NZ (NI,Three Kings Is, Poor Knights Is, Mayor I, SI, Stewart I), Chatham Is (may only be vagrant, Miskelly et al 2006).

Z. monasa Kosrae Crake
Extinct. Res formerly Caroline Is (Kosrae, 2 specimens).

Limnocrex albigularis White-throated Crake
NOTE: This species was re-assigned from Laterallus to Limnocrex by Boyd.
Acc Cocos I (Montoya 2012).

Creciscus spilonotus Galapagos Crake
NOTE: This species was re-assigned from Porzana to Creciscus by Boyd.
Res Galapagos Is (Pinta, Isabela, Fernandina, Santiago, Santa Cruz, San Cristobal, Floreana).